Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Four World Music Lessons - Lesson 4 - Indian Classical Music: Raga, Tala and Drone

Lesson 4 - Indian Classical music: Raga, Tala and Drone
Overview
The classical music of India is a tradition spanning thousands of years. This lesson will involve a brief description of some basic elements of Indian classical music including raga, tala, and the use of the drone.  Students will then create music using these elements.

Introduction
Video: Pandit Ravi Shankar and Ustad Allah Rakha at the Monterey Pop Festival - http://youtu.be/DO9uloP2nzA?t=5m22s

Lesson
Group Lesson
I. Drone - The foundation from which the music is born.
A. Tanpura - Demonstrate with live tanpura
B. The I and V drone, (vadi and samvadi)
II. Rag - Sing: Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Da Ni Sa
III. Tal - The rhythmic cycle
A. Tintal - 16 beats,
    Dha Dhin Dhin Dha
    Dha Dhin Dhin Dha
    Dha Tin   Tin    Ta
    Ta    Dhin Dhin Dha
B. Rupak Tal - 7 beats
    Tin   Tin Na
    Dhin Na
    Dhin Na

Individual or Group Work, (no more than 3 to a group)
I. Create a piece of music that  includes the following elements:
A. A drone that runs throughout the piece.
B. Instrumental melody, (vocalizations of the syllables are fine, but no lyrics
    please).
C. Melody follows the notes of a rag, (yemen, baihrav or another one of your choice).
D. Percussion keeps the tal, (rhythmic cycle). Please choose from tintal or rupak
II. Present your music to the class with the following information:
A. Rag name
B. Tal
C. The process of creation.

Advanced Work
I. Organize a lunch time concert where you present/perform your music for the Upper Elementary class.
II. Transcribe your piece of music on noteflight.com
III. Go see a live Indian classical music performance and report on it.

Resources

http://chandrakantha.com/ - David Courtney’s website, a great resource for Indian music knowledge.

Four World Music Lessons - Lesson 3 - Reggae

Lesson 3 -  Reggae
Overview
Reggae is a style of music that was developed in the 1960’s from Jamaica.

Materials - Internet access

Lesson

Individual work
I. Use any resource available and respond, (in full sentences) to at least two of the
  following items:
A. What two styles of music did reggae come from?
B. Name at least 3 pioneers of the reggae style.
C. In what decade was reggae developed?
D. What are some important musical elements found in reggae?
E. Name the common instruments found in a reggae band?
II. Create a youtube playlist of some well known reggae artists.

Group Work
I. Choose one song from the list to work with:
A. ‘Stir it up’ - Bob Marley - http://youtu.be/eZ3eA5gxiLs
B. ‘Jamaica Nice’ - Yellowman - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i11zpqkmupg
C. ‘Blackheart Man’ - Bunny Wailer - http://youtu.be/zjtYKPC58tg

II. Listen to the song as a group and gather information for a report on the song. Your
   report must include the following information, you may add more information to your
   report if you like, but this is what is required:
A. The tempo
B. The drum-set rhythm, (be able to count it as a group).
C. The rhythm of the guitar.
D. The overall form of the music.
E. The lyrics
F. Name of the artist, song, and all the instruments in the band.

III. Report/Presentation
A. Presentations will be done as a group, participation from all group members is
    required.
B. Presentation must not be longer than 10 minutes, or shorter than 3.
C. A group discussion will follow all presentations.

Advanced Work
I. Choose a reggae song and perform it live for the class. This can be done as an
  individual or group.
II. Transcribe a reggae song on noteflight.com and share it with the class.

III. Go see a live reggae band/artist and report on the show.

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